Frozen shoulder, or adhesive capsulitis, occurs when inflammation and scar tissue invade the shoulder joint. It can start with inflammation of the joint that leads to scarring, or in some cases the scarring happens with little inflammation.
Stiffness after elbow injuries can severely limit daily life. If adequate conservative treatment does not result in satisfactory improvement of elbow function, surgical intervention should be considered. Whether an open or arthroscopic procedure is preferable is still a topic of debate and a systematic review of functional outcomes is lacking.
The shoulder joint is comprised of the socket, which looks like a golf tee, and the upper part of the arm, the humeral head, which looks like a golf ball. Injury to shoulder ligaments and labrum can often render the shoulder joint unstable.
The Latarjet procedure may be reliable and safe for the treatment of shoulder instability among athletes who participate in high-demand and high-risk activities, according to results presented here.